USH: Unit 6 - Ch. 22 – THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT (1960-1978)
OVERVIEW: Public frustration with the federal government grew in the 1970s as the Watergate scandal broke, the energy crisis emerged, and the economy continued to weaken. Democrat Jimmy Carter was elected president with a promise to reform government. Numerous obstacles, including a worsening economic situation, hampered his presidency. In this chapter you will learn how Ronald Reagan was elected president in 1980 and set out to reform the economy and foreign relations.
VOCAB: Nonviolent Resistance, Sit-Ins, SCLC, MLK, SNCC, Congress of Racial Equality, Freedom Riders, James Meredith, Medgar Evers, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Council of Federated Organizations, 24th Amendment, Freedom Summer, People Getting Hurt in this Fight, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Voting Rights Act, Nation of Islam, Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm X, Stokely Carmichael, Black Power, Bobby Seale, Huey Newton, Black Panther Party, Kerner Commission, Poor People’s Campaign, Busing, Affirmative Action, Quotas, Ralph Abernathy, University of California v. Bakke, Carl Stokes, National Black Political Convention
THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT – AN OVERVIEW: African Americans continued to work for equality during the 1960s, a decade dominated by the civil rights movement. Under the leadership of Martin Luther King Jr. the civil rights movement utilized nonviolent resistance to end segregation and work for equal rights. These efforts led to the passage of major legislation. Other civil rights leaders advocated separatism and violent resistance, however.
1. Professional sports begin to be integrated when Jackie Robinson begins to play baseball for the Brooklyn Dodgers.
2. In Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court declares school segregation is unconstitutional.
3. In 1955. Rosa Parks refuses to sit in the back of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, sparking the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
4. In 1957, President Eisenhower sends the National Guard to integrate Central HS in Little Rock, Arkansas…The Little Rock 9: Nine African-American students who 1st integrated Central HS.
5. In 1961, sit-ins in segregated restaurants begin in Greensboro, North Carolina.
6. In 1962, Freedom Riders reveal that interstate transportation remains segregated in the South
7. Martin Luther King, Jr. leads demonstrations against segregation in Birmingham, Alabama.
8. MLK leads demonstration against restrictions on voting rights in Selma, Alabama.
9. In 1963, a massive March on Washington demands federal action on civil rights.
10. In 1964, Congress enacts a Civil Rights Act banning segregation in public accommodations.11. In 1965, Congress enacts a Voting Rights Act to forbid restrictions on voting by blacks and other groups based on race and ethnicity.