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Sunday, February 23, 2014

Ch. 17 Test Study Guide (Test: Tuesday March 4, 2014 )

1. Textbook: Read pg. 525 #s 1 and 3; Read the quote from William E. Borah on pg. 502 (Eyewitness to History); Look over the Graph (Interpreting Graphs) on pg. 519 - Fortune Magazine 1939 Survey on War; Look over the Map (Interpreting Maps) on pg. 519/520 - German and Italian Expansion 1935-1941
2. Why is December 7, 1941 a date which will live in infamy? The bombing of _______________
3. Know examples of FDR's Good Neighbor Policy
4. Mexico nationalized their oil fields (know what that means)
5. Italy, Germany, and the Soviet Union are examples of totalitarian states
6. Define: Disarmament, Popular Front, Anti-Semitism, Blitzkrieg
7. Know which country the following people are associated with: Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin, Francisco Franco, and Winston Churchill
8. Know the members of the Allied and Axis Powers
9. Why were leaders such as Winston Churchill against appeasement when dealing with Germany?
10. Why did the US support Latin American caudillos?
11. What were the results of the nonaggression pact between Germany and the Soviet Union?
12. There will be 2 STAAR questions on the test (FYI) over info that we have covered to start truly testing your preparedness; Homesteaders built sod houses because access to timber was limited by distance and lack of transportation AND the transcontinental railroad contributed to the closing of the western frontier by greater ease of travel which resulted in higher demand for unclaimed territory

For the Week of Feb. 24-28, 2014

We will continue working on Chs. 17-18 and if there's time start on Ch. 19. For Mintz's classes: the chapter 17 test will be Tuesday March 4, 2014. I will post the date for Durning's classes when I know (I'm betting it will be the same - but we will see). The study guide will be up shortly. Make sure that ch. 18 notes are also getting completed. Please let me know if you have any questions about the notes or any laptop questions (i.e. how do I take a screenshot? How do I snap 2 windows together? How do I add hyperlinks to documents?) and have a great rest of your weekend!

Note for Mintz's 7th Period

Due to my doctor having to see me tomorrow @3:30, I will have to leave school by 2:50. Ms. Nocca or Coach Durning will come hang with y'all for the last 20 minutes of class. I am very sorry about this, I have things having to be like this last minute. But as always we will have some fun and a great day! See y'all tomorrow!

Thursday, February 20, 2014

Ch. 18 Overview

USH: Unit 5 - Ch. 18 – AMERICANS IN WW2 (1941-1945); Mintz/Durning; BHS
OVERVIEW: The economic distress of the Great Depression contributed to the rise of dictatorships in some nations. Military aggression by Germany, Italy, and Japan plunged the world into war. In December 1941 the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, bringing the US into WW2. In this chapter you will learn that the US and the Allies battled the Axis Powers on land and at sea in Europe, North Africa, and Asia. By August 1945 the Allies had won a difficult war.
VOCAB: War Production Board, Office of War Mobilization, Selective Training and Service Act, Douglas MacArthur, Bataan Death March, Chester Nimitz, Battle of the Coral Sea, Battle of Midway, Guadalcanal, The Battle of El Alamein, Braceros, Zoot-Suit Riots, Internment, Office of War Information, Rosie the Riveter, Fair Employment Practices Committee, Sonar, Genocide, Dwight D. Eisenhower, George S. Patton, George C. Marshall, D-Day, Holocaust, Battle of the Bulge, Yalta Conference, Island-Hopping, Kamikaze, Battle of Leyte Gulf, Battle of Iwo Jima, Battle of Okinawa, Harry S Truman, Manhattan Project, Albert Einstein, Enola Gay
WW2 – AN OVERVIEW: WW2 killed more people, involved more nations, and cost more $ than any other war in history. Altogether, 70 million people served in the armed forces during the war, and 17 million combatants died. Civilian deaths were ever greater. At least 19 million Soviet civilians, 10 million Chinese civilians, and 6 million European Jews lost their lives during the war.
WW2 was truly a global war. Some 70 nations took part in the conflict, and fighting took place on the continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe, as well as on the high seas. Entire societies participated as soldiers or as war workers, while others were persecuted as victims of occupation and mass murder.
WW2 cost the US a million causalities and nearly 400,000 deaths. In both domestic and foreign affairs, its consequences were far-reaching. It ended the Depression, brought millions of married women into the workforce, initiated sweeping changes in the lives of the nation's minority groups, and dramatically expanded the federal government's presence in American life.
1. The war ended Great Depression era unemployment levels and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life. It led the federal government to create a War Production Board to oversee conversion to a wartime economy and the Office of Price Administration to set prices on many items and to supervise a rationing system.
2. During the war, African Americans, women, and Mexican Americans found new opportunities in industry. But Japanese Americans living on the Pacific coast were relocated from their homes and placed in internment camps.
THE WAR AT HOME AND ABROAD: On September 1, 1939, WW2 started when Germany invaded Poland. By November 1942, the Axis powers controlled territory from Norway to North Africa and from France to the Soviet Union. After defeating the Axis in North Africa in May 1941, the US and its Allies invaded Sicily in July 1943 and forced Italy to surrender in September On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies landed in Northern France. In December, a German counteroffensive (the Battle of the Bulge) failed. Germany surrendered in May 1945.
The US entered the war following a surprise attack by Japan on the US Pacific fleet in Hawaii. The US and its Allies halted Japanese expansion at the Battle of Midway in June 1942, as well as in other campaigns in the South Pacific. From 1943 to August 1945, the Allies hopped from island to island across the Central Pacific and also battled the Japanese in China, Burma, and India. Japan agreed to surrender on August 14, 1945 after the US dropped the 1st A-bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
THE DAWN OF THE ATOMIC AGE: In 1939, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to FDR, warning him that the Nazis might be able to build an atomic bomb. On December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi, an Italian refugee, produced the 1st self-sustained, controlled nuclear chain reaction in Chicago.
To ensure that the US developed a bomb before Nazi Germany did, the federal government started the secret $2 billion Manhattan Project. On July 16, 1945, in the New Mexico desert near Alamogordo, the Manhattan Project's scientists exploded the 1st atomic bomb.
It was during the Potsdam negotiations that POTUS Truman learned that American scientists had tested the 1st atomic bomb. On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay, a B-29 Superfortress, released an A-bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. Between 80,000 and 140,000 people were killed or fatally wounded. 3 days later, a 2nd bomb fell on Nagasaki. About 35,000 people were killed. The following day Japan surrendered.
Truman's defenders argued that the bombs ended the war quickly, avoiding the necessity of a costly invasion and the probable loss of many more lives. His critics argued that the war might have ended even without the atomic bombings, maintaining that the Japanese economy would have been strangled by a continued naval blockade, as well as that Japan could have been forced to surrender by conventional firebombing or by a demonstration of the A-bomb's power.
The unleashing of nuclear power during WW2 generated hope of a cheap and abundant source of energy, but it also produced anxiety many in the US and around the world.
*From Digital History

Sunday, February 16, 2014

Class Happenings for Feb. 17-21, 2014

I hope everyone had a great weekend! This week we will be making sure Ch. 17 is good to go, STAAR QoDs, and will be slowly, but surely, moving towards WW2 (Ch. 18), and starting our Moment in Time picture/movie projects. The 1st thing you should do is find a group of 4-6 and find someone who is going to film you (everyone, including the person filming, must participate fully). We will go over this more in the coming days. Ms. Manraj will also be by on Tuesday to help you sign up for April's SATs. You will need your laptop every day, but Tuesday is especially important (do not leave it in your locker)!!! Hopefully everything will be back to normal now that we had our Sub day on Friday (thanks for your patience). Be good to go and let's have a great week!

Tuesday, February 11, 2014

Ch. 17 Overview; Notes on Edmodo

USH: Unit 5 - Ch. 17 – THE ROAD TO WAR (1921-1941)
OVERVIEW: WW1 left Europe in a state of chaos. Germany was required to pay substantial war reparations, and other European countries owed the US large war debts. In this chapter you will learn how after WW1 many Americans hoped to focus on matters at home. However, the Great Depression touched off global economic problems. The rise of dictators in Europe set the stage for another war. Dictators also took power in several Latin American countries. Other Latin American countries tried to reduce US influence in the region.
VOCAB: Isolationism, Disarmament, Adolf Hitler, Nationalize, Caudillos, Good Neighbor Policy, Totalitarian State, Anti-Semitism, Benito Mussolini, Fascist Party, Joseph Stalin, Nazi Party, Francisco Franco, Popular Front, Appeasement (and the Munich Conference), Nonaggression Pact, Allied Powers, Axis Powers, Winston Churchill, Lend-Lease Act, Blitzkrieg, Atlantic Charter, Pearl Harbor and Dec. 7, 1941

Tuesday, February 4, 2014

Ch. 16 Test Study Guide

Durning's Classes: Both 15 and 16 Tests Tuesday Feb. 11, 2014; Ch. 15 Study Guide below
Mintz's Classes - Ch. 16 Test is Tuesday Feb. 11, 2014

1. Textbook: Read pg. 493 #s 1 and 3
2. Know what the 3 R's of FDR's New Deal
3. Define: New Deal, FDIC, The Dust Bowl
4. Know the following Graphic Organizers: New Deal Work Programs, New Deal Programs, TVA Helping
5. New Deal work programs were designed to get people back to work
6. John Maynard Keynes felt that the government must play a role in... __________________
7. Social Security made the government more responsible for people's... __________________
8. The Agricultural Adjustment Agency (AAA) took land out of production to help ____________
9. Reform efforts under the New Deal included: ending child labor, regulating the stock market, and guaranteeing unions the right to organize
10. Critics of the New Deal were in constant fear of the government was becoming too big and overstepping its bounds
11. Know who Frank Capra is and how he influenced today's movie posters
12. Be able to connect the following people to what makes them worth remembering: Richard Wright, Aaron Copland, Thomas Dorsey, Mahalia Jackson, Zora Neale Hurston, John Steinbeck, Grant Wood, Margaret Mitchell, Dorthea Lange, Frances Perkins, FDR