USH; Chapter 14 – THE JAZZ AGE/ROARING 20s (1920-1929)
OVERVIEW: WW1's sudden conclusion forced many Americans to make major changes in their lives. Many Americans lost their jobs in a postwar economic recession. Economic prosperity returned in the mid-1920s. In this chapter you will learn about the impact of postwar industrial products on American life. You will also learn about the new forms of entertainment—such as radio programs, movies, and jazz music—that were popular with Americans in the 1920s.
VOCAB: Model T, Henry Ford and Ford, Alfred P. Sloan and GM, Scientific Management, Assembly Line, Auto-Touring, Installment Plan, Planned Obsolescence, Flappers, Volstead Act, 21st Amendment, Al Capone, Eliot Ness and the Untouchables, Cecile B. DeMille, Babe Ruth, Jim Thorpe, Charles Lindbergh, Amelia Earhart, Clarence Darrow, Fundamentalism, The Scopes “Monkey” Trial, Jazz, Blues, Harlem Renaissance, Lost Generation, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Langston Hughes, Paul Robeson, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Alfred Stieglitz, Diego Rivera
1. The 1920s was a decade of MAJOR CULTURAL CONFLICTS over:
2. The 1920s also saw the rise of a MODERN CONSUMER CULTURE:
- Economic Recovery
- Electricity (became common in homes)
- Business Expansion led to wage increases
- Consumer Products: Automobile
- Mass culture: radio, movies
- The Flapper
KEY UNDERSTANDING: The 1920s marked the emergence of modern America. What happened?
1) The expansion of a consumer society
2) The growth of mass entertainment and mass communication
3) Changes in the role of women
4) Turmoil occurred among African Americans and other minority groups
OVERVIEW OF THE 1920s: The 1920s was a decade of exciting social changes and profound cultural conflicts. For many Americans, the growth of cities, the rise of a consumer culture, the upsurge of mass entertainment, and the so-called "revolution in morals and manners" represented liberation from the restrictions of the country's Victorian past. Sexual mores, gender roles, hairstyles, and dress all changed profoundly during the 1920s. But for many others, the US seemed to be changing in undesirable ways. The result was a thinly veiled "cultural civil war," in which a pluralistic society clashed bitterly over such issues as foreign immigration, evolution, the Ku Klux Klan, prohibition, women’s roles, and race.The 1920s was the 1st decade to have a nickname (and it had two): “Roaring 20s" or "Jazz Age." It was a decade of prosperity and dissipation, and of jazz bands, bootleggers, raccoon coats, bathtub gin, flappers, flagpole sitters, bootleggers, and marathon dancers. It was, in the popular view, the Roaring 20s, when the younger generation rebelled against traditional taboos while their elders engaged in much speculation. But the 1920s was also a decade of bitter cultural conflicts, pitting religious liberals against fundamentalists, nativists against immigrants, and rural provincials against urban cosmopolitans.