Causes of Southern Succession:
1. Economic and social differences between the North (Industrial) and the South (Agricultural)
2. State’ Rights vs. Federal Rights: Where is the true power?
3. The fight between Slave and Non-Slave State Proponents: Should slavery be allowed in the US?
4. Growth of the Abolition Movement: Highlighted by - the publishing of Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, the Dred Scott Case, John Brown's Raid, and the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act, that held individuals responsible for harboring fugitive slaves even if they were located in non-slave states
5. The Election of Lincoln: The South fearing for their institutions
Henry Clay and Compromise: Northern politician (“The Great Compromiser”) who developed the American System as well as negotiated numerous compromises to try to bring peace in the US over slavery and other issues.
13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments: 13th Amendment: (1865) Abolished slavery. 14th Amendment: (1868) Gave full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the US, except for American Indians. 15th Amendment: (1870) Gave African American men the right to vote. These are the Amendments that came as a result of the Civil War.
Compromise of 1877 and Rutherford B. Hayes: Agreement to settle the disputed POTUS election of 1876; (D)s agreed to accept Rutherford B. Hayes (R) as POTUS in return for the removal of federal troops from the South.Ulysses S. Grant: (R; #18; 1869–1877) As POTUS he led the Radical (R)s in their effort to eliminate Confederate nationalism and slavery. Grant effectively destroyed the KKK in 1871. Grant was the 1st POTUS to establish Civil Service reform. His reputation was marred by his repeated defense of corrupt appointees, and the Panic of 1873. His (R) Party split in 1872 with reformers denouncing him.
Other Things to Know: Lincoln (Civil War President), Robert E. Lee, Bleeding Kansas, Conscription, Emancipation Proclamation, Thaddeus Stevens vs. Andrew Johnson, Amnesty, Dred Scott, Poll Taxes and Literacy Tests Suppress Votes, Elizabeth Blackwell and Clara Barton, Nat Turner, William Lloyd Garrison, KKK, Freedmen’s Bureau, Harriet Beecher Stowe, The Civil War was from 1861-1865, Abolitionists against slavery, the Black Codes, Secession, Habeus Corpus, Reconstruction (after the CW), John Wilkes Booth, Panic of 1873, Carpetbaggers