CH. 24 TEST REVIEW: Domino Theory, Tonkin Gulf Resolution, American’s Disapproval of the Vietnam War and its Handling, Vietminh, Vietcong, Vietnamization, 26th Amendment, Doves, Hawks, Pentagon Papers and their effect on Nixon, Pacification, Agent Orange, Defoliants, Search-And-Destroy Missions, War Powers Act, High (Expensive) Cost of the Vietnam War, Henry Kissinger, Vietnam War Memorial Names (Chronological, not Alphabetical), Escalation, Kent State Shootings and Disapproval with War, TV News Causing Less Support for the Vietnam War
DOMINO THEORY: Cold War-era belief that if one nation in Southeast Asia fell to communism, the rest of Southeast Asia would also fall.
TONKIN GULF RESOLUTION: Congressional measure that gave POTUS Lyndon Johnson the authority to wage war in Vietnam.
AMERICAN’S DISAPPROVAL OF THE VIETNAM WAR AND IT’S HANDLING: Most Americans DISAPPROVED of LBJ’s job on these.
VIETMINH: League for the Independence of Vietnam; group of Vietnamese nationalists organized in the 1940s by Ho Chi Minh to drive the Japanese of out Vietnam.
VIETCONG: National Liberation Front; Communist guerilla force that began fighting against Ngo Dinh Diem’s government in South Vietnam in the 1950s.
VIETNAMIZATION: Policy followed by the Nixon administration of gradually turning over all the fighting in the Vietnam War to the South Vietnamese Army.
26TH AMENDMENT: LOWERS the voting age from 21 to 18.
DOVES: Americans who oppose war.
HAWKS: Americans who support war.
PENTAGON PAPERS AND THEIR EFFECT ON NIXON: Their release caused many problems for POTUS Nixon and caused the American public to distrust the government’s handling of the Vietnam War.
PACIFICATION: US and South Vietnamese policy of moving villagers to refugee camps and then burning their villages.
AGENT ORANGE: Widely used chemical weapon during the Vietnam War.
DEFOLIANTS: Chemicals that strip the land of vegetation, who during the Vietnam War were used to expose jungle supply routes and enemy hiding places.
SEARCH-AND-DESTROY MISSIONS: US strategy in Vietnam in which ground patrols searched for hidden enemy camps and supplies and destroyed them with massive firepower and air raid.
WAR POWERS ACT: Reaffirmed Congress’s constitutional right to declare war by setting a 60-day limit on the presidential commitment of US troops to foreign conflicts.
HIGH (EXPENSIVE) COST OF THE VIETNAM WAR: $150 billion.
HENRY KISSINGER: Nixon’s key foreign-policy advisor.
VIETNAM WAR MEMORIAL NAMES: CHRONOLOGICAL, NOT ALPHABETICAL
ESCALATION: Military buildup.
KENT STATE SHOOTINGS AND DISAPPROVAL WITH WAR: Campus shootings caused many to protest and disapprove of the Vietnam War.
TV NEWS CAUSING LESS SUPPORT FOR THE VIETNAM WAR: The more people saw that contradicted what the gov was saying, the less support came from them (Americans).