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Wednesday, October 17, 2012

For Those Who Requested... P.S. Don't Forget Your Pencil


Theory that bans private ownership of property is (communism/capitalism).
The Bessemer process is a method of steelmaking that led to a (huge/tiny) increase in the amount of steel produced.
The telegraph was a means of communicating over wires with electricity.
A steel baron is an important and rich person in the (oil/steel) industry.
The difference between a regular company and a corporation is that a corporation sells shares of (stock/patents).
The name given to automobiles before they were known as cars: horseless carriage.
When 1 company buys other companies producing the same product: (horizontal) integration.
Trunk (lines/ways) were major railroad lines that went across the Great Plains.
The transcontinental (railroad/airplane) allowed Americans to travel from coast to coast.
The theory that states the fittest will succeed and the unfit will fail is (social/cultural) Darwinism.
Thomas Alva Edison made many discoveries and advance in electricity.
In a (monopoly/trust), a group of companies turn control of their stock over to a common board.
A (monopoly/trust) has little or no competition.
After Carnegie sells his steel business to JP Morgan, he retires as the world’s (richest) man.
John Rockefeller founded the Standard Oil Company.
Membership in the Knights of Labor grew rapidly under the guidance of Terence V. (Powderly).
The invention of the typewriter created many jobs for women.
(True/False) Communism IS THE SAME economically as capitalism.
Andrew Carnegie (believed in/did not believe) in the “Gospel of Wealth.”
The Sherman (Antitrust/Trust) Act made trusts and monopolies illegal.
The (Soldiers/Knights) of Labor was one of America’s earliest unions.
(True/False) “Mother Jones” fought AGAINST the rights of America’s working people.
The Great Upheaval saw unions fight management.
The Haymarket Riot BEGAN as a (peaceful/riotous) protest.
(True/False) Anarchists DO NOT support the federal government
The American Federation of Labor was a union of SKILLED workers.
(Patents/Copyrights) help inventors protect their rights to make, use, or sell their inventions.
George (Westinghouse/Pullman) invented the compressed air-brake.
Dot-and-dash code was used by (telephones/telegraphs).
Ch. 7:
The poorest accommodations on an ocean voyage is known as (steerage/storage).
(Townships/Suburbs) are residential neighborhoods on the outskirts of a city.
The Immigration Restriction League was a group that wanted all (immigrants/citizens) to take a literacy test.
Spending money to show how wealthy you are is known as conspicuous (combustion/consumption).
Using Christian principles to solve social problems is known as the (Social/Cultural) Gospel.
Skyscrapers are (small/large) multi-story buildings.
(Old/New) immigrants were mostly Protestants from NW Europe.
Laws that require parents to send their kids to school are known as (compulsory/forcible) ed laws.
(Yellow/Red) journalism is sensational news reporting.
Most (new/old) immigrants came from E or S Europe.
Ellis and Angel islands BOTH served as immigration stations in the late 1800s.
Nativists (supported/opposed) immigration.
(True/False) The Chinese Exclusion Act DID NOT stop all Chinese immigrants from coming to the US.
Subways and trolleys were forms of mass (transit/transcontinental).
Nouveau riche means “newly (poor/rich).”
(True/False) Conspicuous consumptions means NOT showing off your wealth.
During the late 1800s most (men/women) had professional careers.
(True/False) Those who were “poorer” attended college as much as their upper-middle class and wealthy peers.
Most people COULD afford to buy a daily newspaper.
BASEBALL was “the national game of the US.” Pg. 237
Russell H. Conwell’s Baptist Temple in Philadelphia provided services to immigrants. Pg. 223
Some benevolent societies offered loans to new immigrants start businesses.
Grover Cleveland vetoed literacy tests for immigrants. Pg. 225
Community service centers located in poor neighborhoods were known as settlement houses. Pg. 231
Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr established Hull House.
John Dewey’s Laboratory School” at the University of Chicago stressed “learning by doing.” Pg. 233
Frederick Law Olmsted designed Central Park in NYC.
Supporters of the City Beautiful Movement stressed the importance of public parks. Pg. 236
Vaudeville shows often included animal acts, comics, famous impersonations, jugglers, magicians, singers, and skits.
Created by African American musicians, Ragtime emerged during the 1890s.
Ch. 7 UMIs:
1. (Section 1) What changes occurred in the pattern of immigration during the late 1800s?
More immigrants arrived from Southern and Eastern Europe.
2. (Section 1) Why did Nativists argue against immigration?
Nativists claimed that immigrants could not fit into American society and that they caused problems such as poverty and crime.
3. (Section 2) Why did cities grow in terms of population and size during the late 1800s?
In terms of POPULATION – immigrants and other Americans came to cities in search of opportunities; while in terms of SIZE – mass transit allowed cities to grow outward.
4. (Section 2) What contributions did social leaders such as Jane Adams make?
Social leaders, such as Jane Addams, organized settlement houses and provided educational and cultural opportunities to poor Americans and immigrants. Other social leaders provided relief from poverty.
5. (Section 3) How did popular literature, journalism, and other types of entertainment cater to a broad audience?
Popular literature, journalism, and other types of entertainment catered to a broad audience by offering popular, appealing entertainment to a wide variety of people.

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