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Saturday, December 29, 2012

1st Extra Credit Opportunity of the 2nd Semester

For +3 EXTRA CREDIT on the 1st exam, bring me a picture you design or an actual photo of your fav thing, moment, anything fun that you did over break so that I can design more of my classroom. This will be due by the end of the 1st week back. I hope that everyone has had an enjoyable time off so far and happy New Year's!!!

Sunday, December 23, 2012

Happy Holidays to All!!!

I hope that everyone has the happiest of holidays and breaks!!! My bday is tomorrow and I am very excited!!! Have a good couple of weeks and see you next year!!!

Thursday, December 20, 2012

Tuesday, December 18, 2012

Monday, December 17, 2012

Tuesday, December 4, 2012

Thoughts From the Last Couple of Days

I am delighted to report that I have seen a lot of great work accomplished so far this week! The Written portion of the Finals submitted have almost all been perfect (minus some slight grammatical errors - though none huge worries)! But there is still many who owe me at least one of old work, outlines, Final papers, Ch. 12 packets, Ch. 12 quiz, and working on the Final Review. This needs to be as completed as possible tomorrow (Wed). We are on a strict schedule with Finals coming up and if any extra help is needed, I am available at lunch and after school EVERY DAY!!! No excuses and no procrastination! We are so close to done and relaxation! Do the great work that I know, and you know, that you can do! :)
P.S. Food Club: Awesomeness with that cake! Good to celebrate us and a slight early b-day present for me :)
P.P.S. Madelline (thanks for the paint assist), Rabika (and her sister) (thanks for the grading assist), Lizbeth, Vanessa, Irma, Stephen, Roy, and Shaina (thanks for helping me clean in one way or another) all are applauded by me for their help this week (Just in case: if I have forgotten to list anyone - please yell at me in class and I will add you - sorry). To anyone that has helped me of late: thank you! I am very appreciate to all of the great things my students do to help make my classes great (or at least good).
P.P.P.S. I am offering up the opportunity for a student created (within reason) extra credit for the 1st extra credit opportunity for next semester. If you have any interest in coming up with an idea, meet with me at lunch or after school and/or after school. The top 3 ideas, as decided by me, will be put up for a vote by the students. I hope to hear some good ideas!!!

Sunday, December 2, 2012

Changed my Mind... for your Benefit!

The Study Guide for the Final Exam will be due Monday December 10, 2012, not this Friday. This is being done because I have to take a trip this weekend and do not want to rush grading them. Make sure that these are completed ASAP just so you do not have to worry about them. Early submissions are 100% allowed and can earn you a few extra credit points for your effort!

Saturday, December 1, 2012

CH. 12 Video Notes (DUE TUES/WED)

War fought largely in Europe between 1914 and 1918, which led to the overthrow of 4 empires: German, Russian, Austro-Hungarian, and the Ottoman empires.
1. WW1 was the most important event of the 20th century.  Everything that followed: the rise of Communism, the Great Depression, WWII, was in a sense a product of the war
2. The war itself was a product of miscommunication and misjudgment as well as imperial rivalries, secret treaties and an alliance system that brought many countries into the conflict
3. The US entered the war partly because of fears of German meddling in Mexico and attacks on US shipping, and also because Pres. Wilson wanted to shape the peace settlement.
WW1 was the war to end all WARS.
The event that sparked the war was the murder of Archduke FRANZ FERDINAND by Gavrilo Princip.
Princip and others wanted to break were members of a larger group who wanted to break away from Austro-Hungary and create an independent YUGOSLAVIA.
Austro-Hungary issued an ultimatum to SERBIA.
Unhappy with the response, Austro-Hungary declared WAR on Serbia, exactly 1 month after the assassination.
IMPERIALISM was a primary cause of WW1.
Throughout the 19th century tensions between EUROPEAN powers surfaced.
New control of foreign RESOURCES, MARKETS, and PEOPLE by France, the UK, and other countries were the root of this tension.
Meanwhile, NATURAL RESOURCES in Europe were dwindling, which caused some countries to seek new TERRITORY (Imperialism).
Rivalries and ALLIANCES were established.
AUSTRO-HUNGARY attacks Serbia to exert control over the BALKANS.
It was supposed to be a SHORT and limited war between 2 countries having a dispute but escalated in to a conflict few could have expected.
Serbia was aligned with RUSSIA.
Austro-Hungary was aligned with GERMANY (in case Russia should become involved).
In defense of Serbia, Germany declared war on RUSSIA.
Besides fighting with Russia, Germany and Austro-Hungary were up against the rest of the Triple Entente (the name of the alliance between France, the UK, and Russia) and all 3 had also declared war on Germany and Austro-Hungary.
When the UK entered the war, so did all of its colonies (Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, South Africa).
Japan entered because of its agreement with BRITAIN.
Italy tried to stay NEUTRAL (they had a policy of NEUTRALITY), though it had treaties with Germany and Austro-Hungary, but eventually joined the Triple Entente against the both of them.
Italy pulled away from Germany and Austro-Hungary because of the TREATY OF LONDON where they would get a lot of land at the expense of Austro-Hungary after the war.
The Ottoman Empire was pulled in because it had harbored German subs that went on to attack a Russian port.
ALLIED POWERS: UK, France, Russia, and eventually the US (Romania, Portugal, and Greece would later join)
CENTRAL POWERS: Austria-Hungary, Germany, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria
The US would stay out of the war until 1917 when the ZIMMERMANN NOTE was intercepted. The telegram was a proposed secret alliance between Mexico and Germany, should the US enter the war.
Unrestricted German SUBMARINE warfare was hurting US commercial shipping.
The US declared war against Germany.
63 million people were directly involved in WW1. 39 million for the Allies and 24 million for the Central Powers.
No war in history altered the political landscape in EUROPE like WW1 did. Once POWERFUL EMPIRES FELL (The Ottoman Empire) and new countries grew out of them. POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, and SOCIAL consequences felt the world over (did not matter if your country did not participate).
The WEAPONS of WW1 completely revolutionized warfare.
MACHINEGUNS were used, but were only good in stationary battle(s), as well as HEAVY-SEIGE GUNS (Big Bertha).
One of the biggest innovations of WW1 was the use of POISON GAS, so (ANTI)-GAS MASKS were needed.
The heavy use of different poisons had WW1 nicknamed the “Chemists War.”
TEARGAS, CHLORINE, and MUSTARD GAS were among the chemicals being used.
The TANK was used for the 1st time. They were used to combat the stalemate caused by TRENCH WARFARE.
Signed in 1919 the treaty ended the STATE OF WAR between Germany and the Allied Powers.
An ARMISTICE ended WW1. Originally signed in 1918, it took a year and a ½ for Germany and the Allieds to agree.
27 Allied nations held talks with Germany, except for RUSSIA, which had made a treaty with Germany the previous year.
The 5 major victors were the US, GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE, JAPAN, and ITALY.
The BIG 4, after Japan bowed out, met, though disagreed on which was the best course.
The Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to take sole responsibility for the war and were forced to pay extremely high REPARATIONS, which ruined their already bad economy. Germany also had to cede large portions of their territory and their colonies.
Germans hated the treaty and the country did not sign it until they had no choice.
The MYTH that the failure of the German public to support the war caused friction and the Jews were blamed for selling Germany out to the Allies (the lead up to WW2 with the fight between Hitler/Germany vs. the Jews).
Many thought the treaty would last only 20 years (which it did – WW2 started 20 years later).
After 4 YEARS of fighting, millions had lost their lives, and the world was forever changed.
The greatest consequence of the war was the MASSIVE LOSS OF LIFE. 16 million people (the exact # is debated) lost their lives.
The effect(s) of the 1918 FLU PANDEMIC had 50 million people in the world dying.
The ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES for waging a world war were also great.
Old empires faded as new countries emerged (and others gained more power).
Social issues, such as WOMEN IN THE WORKFORCE (gaining a more prominent role), changed as well.
Political lines were redrawn (once powerful German, Russian, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian empires were dissolved, with the latter 2 ceasing to exist altogether). FINLAND, TURKEY, and CZECHOSLOVAKIA emerged from this.
Germany got a new government that was riddled with issues. The gov had to deal with HYPER-INFLATION, HOSTILITIES from other countries, and extremists within their own country, with many very RESENTFUL of the Treaty of Versailles, as well as being forced to take sole responsibility for the war.
ADOLF HITLER used these tensions to rise to power (through his NAZI gov) in Germany. They were known as the 3rd REICH.
20 years later GERMANY will INVADE POLAND, setting off WW2.

Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Important Upcoming Dates...

November 28-29: Ch. 12 (WW1) Videos and Notes
December 3 and 6, 2012: Ch. 13 Stuff (the end of 1st Semester Stuff)
November 30, 2012: Receive Final Review Study Guide
December 3, 2012: Outlines for the Written Final are Due by Today
December 4, 2012: Written of the Final due or write it in class (outline needs to be turned in as well)
December 4-5, 2012: Ch. 12 Quiz
December 10-14, 2012: Finals Prep Week
December 17-21, 2012: Finals Week

Sunday, November 25, 2012

Don't Forget Your Textbook...

You will need it every day, but for sure tomorrow because we will be having an open book/note quiz for Ch. 11. And don't forget I'm checking the Ch. 11 packet tomorrow! I hope everyone had a great break!!! I did! 3 more weeks left!!!

Tuesday, November 20, 2012

Ch. 11 Packet for You to Check...

SECTION 1: Expansion in the Pacific
Boxers: Pg. # 330; The Fists of Righteous Harmony was another name for the secret Chinese society called the Boxers.
The Boxer Rebellion: Pg. # 330; The Boxer Rebellion was the result of Chinese resentment towards the presence of foreigners in China.
The Russo-Japanese War: Pg. # 332; In Feb. 1904, Japanese troops attacked Russian forces in Manchuria, starting the war.
T. Roosevelt, Russia, and Japan: Pg. # 332; Roosevelt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his role his role in negotiating peace between Japan and Russia.
Hawaiian League: Pg. # 328; Some 400 American businesspeople, planters, and traders formed the league when King Kalakaua denied their demand for renewing tax-free status on sugar. Their goal was to overthrow the monarchy and persuade the US to annex Hawaii.
Hawaiians and Disease: Pg. # 328; Thousands of native Hawaiians died from diseases brought by missionaries, settlers, and traders who arrived by ship.
The Bayonet Constitution and Kalakaua: Pg. # 328; In July 1887 the Hawaiian League forced Hawaiian King Kalakaua at gunpoint (a bayonet) to sign a new constitution that limited his role to that of a figurehead and limited native Hawaiians right to hold office in their own country.
Queen Liliuokalani: Pg. # 328-329; Queen Lili believe that being annexed by the US (wasn’t in) the best interests of the Hawaiian people.
Hawaiians and Annexation: Pg. # 329; Most of the people of Hawaii (did not) want the US to annex their islands.
Spheres of Influence: Pg. # 330; (define) Regions where a particular country has exclusive rights over mines, railroads, and trade.
Subsidy: Pg. # 328; (define) Government payment made to farmers.
UMI #1: What led industrialized nations to seek overseas colonies in the late 1800s and early 1900s? The desire for markets, raw materials, power, and prestige, as well as the desire to spread democracy and Christianity.
RTD #1: Define IMPERIALISM and give an example. Imperialism is the quest for colonial empires and an example is the US acquiring Hawaii.
SECTION 2: War with Spain
Rough Riders: Pg. # 336; Cavalry unit of American Indians, college athletes, cowboys, and ranchers that was led by Theodore Roosevelt.
Pres. William McKinley: Opposed to any US action in support of the Cuban rebels and was opposed to the Spanish-American War at the onset because he felt that the US had been in too many wars in its recent past.
William Randolph Hearst: Pg. # 334; A journalist (and newspaper owner) who believed that newspapers, as the voice of the people, could control the nation. **FUN FACT: The movie that is widely considered to be the greatest film ever produced, Citizen Kane, is a slightly fictionalized account of Hearst’s life.
Valeriano Weyler: Pg. # 334; Spanish general called “The Butcher” by the US press because of his cruel treatment of Cubans.
Jose Marti: Pg. # 333; A Cuban (exile) living in NYC who took up the cause of Cuban independence.
George Dewey: Pg. # 335; Before war was declared in the Philippines, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt had cabled secret orders to Commodore Dewey. In the event of war between the US and Spain, Dewey was to attack Philippines.
Emilio Aguinaldo: Pg. # 336; A famous Filipino rebel who would help the US fend of Spanish forces in the Philippines.
Organic Act: Pg. # 339; Philippine Government Act, which established a governor and a two-house legislature.
Cuban Independence: Pg. # 334; To many Americans, the Cuban’s struggle for independence reminded them of the American fight for independence against the British.
The Philippine Islands and the end of the Spanish-American War: Pg. # 336; The islands, acquired by the US for $ 20 million, were ceded by Spain, along with Cuba and Puerto Rico.
UMI #2: What were the major causes of the Spanish-American War? The major causes of the Spanish-American War were imperialist ambition, yellow journalism, humanitarian concerns, and the Maine incident.
UMI #3: What economic effects did the war have on the US? The economic effects of the Spanish-American War on the US caused it to become more of a world power, increased its trade, and gained more territory.
RTD #2: How did Spain respond to the revolt in Cuba? Spain responded to the revolt in Cuba by sending in General Weyler who forced thousands of farmers in to concentration camps to prevent them from aiding the rebels.

RTD #3: What happened to the Philippines after the Spanish-American War? The Philippines were annexed by the US in 1899, though was granted full independence in 1946.
SECTION 3: Expansion in Latin America
Protectorate: (define) Pg. # 340; Country dependent on another for protection. Cuba became a protectorate of the US if they agreed to put the Platt Amendment in to their constitution.
Dollar Diplomacy: (define) Pg. # 344; Pres. Taft’s policy of influencing Latin American affairs through economic influence rather than military force.
John Hay and the Panama Canal: Pg. # 341; Although the French had tried to build a canal in Panama, the US started its efforts when Secretary of State Hay began negotiations with Colombia.
Yellow Fever: Pg. # 342; Serious disease carried by mosquitoes that threatened workers on the Panama Canal project.
Panama: Pg. # 342; Army colonel Dr. William C. Gorgas worked on improving living conditions by applying his experiences with tropical diseases in Cuba.
Panama Canal: Pg. # 341; The canal was known as the path between the seas.
Philippe Bunau-Varilla: Pg. # 341; The engineer for the French canal-building project who helped the Panamanian rebels get support from the US.
The Roosevelt Corollary: Pg. # 343; The West African proverb that began “speak softly and carry a big stick” was a favorite saying of his.
Puerto Rico: Pg. # 340-341; The Foraker Act and the Jones Act were 2 steps the US took in the process of making Puerto Rico a self-governing commonwealth.
UMI #4: What steps did the US overcome to build the Panama Canal? The steps that the US overcame to build the Panama Canal included tying to negotiate a treaty with Colombia, supporting Panamanian rebels, negotiating the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty (to gain control over Canal Zone), and starting to build the canal.
RTD #4: How did the US govern Cuba and Puerto Rico? The US governed Cuba and Puerto Rico by President McKinley setting up military governments. In Cuba, a US protectorate, the US could intervene when it felt necessary. In Puerto Rico, the US ruled the island as a territory and it eventually became a self-governing commonwealth of the US.
RTD #5: What was U.S. policy toward Latin America during the late 1800s and early 1900s? The US has a long history of involvement in Latin America. Since the early 1800s it has sought to limit the influence of foreign nations there.
SECTION 4: Conflict with Mexico
Pancho Villa: Pg. # 347; 1 of the leaders of the Mexican revolutionary armies that continued to fight Huerta.
Porfirio Diaz: Pg. # 345; Diaz’s gov (Mexico) was responsible for improvements in the railroad, petroleum, and mining industries.
Emiliano Zapata: Pg. # 345; Led a rebel army that fought for land for the American Indian peasant population.
Francisco Madero, Diaz, and Huerta: Pg. # 346; A wealthy landowner from N Mexico, Madero was an unlikely candidate to fight against Diaz. Madero’s ideas sparked the Mexican Revolution that toppled Diaz’s dictatorship. Madero would later be betrayed by his commanding general Victoriano Huerta.
Woodrow Wilson and Huerta: Pg. # 347; Outraged by Francisco Madero’s murder, Wilson, the new US pres, refused to recognize Huerta, thought Huerta gained recognition from most European countries.
Carranza’s Constitution: Pg. # 349; The constitution placed the interests of common welfare above individual rights and provided protection for workers.
Veracruz: Pg. # 347; Site of the 1st armed fight between the US military and the Mexican soldiers.
ABC Powers: Pg. # 347; Argentina, Brazil, and Chile.
Mexico’s Rebel Leaders: Pg. # 347; Due to differing interests, the rebel leaders in Mexico, Venustiano Carranza, Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata, and Alvaro Obregon, were NOT united.
UMI #5: How and why did the US intervene in Mexico? The US intervened in Mexico because President Wilson wanted Huerta, whom he regarded as a murderer, removed from office and ordered intervention.
RTD #6: What were the causes of U.S. intervention in Mexico? The reign of the murderous Huerta, the taking of crew members of the USS Dolphin, and the Germans trying to bring Huerta arms were causes of the US intervention in Mexico.
RTD #7: What were the outcomes of the Mexican Revolution? The outcomes of the Mexican Revolution were Carranza in power, his new constitution, and Mexico declaring national ownership of the entire mineral, oil, and water rights in the country.





Dollar Diplomacy



Democratic Govs



Roosevelt Corollary

Dominican Republic
Pg. 351: Interpreting Graphs
1. B
2. The Underwood Tariff Act caused US exports to increase.

Written Portion of the Fall Final 2012 Directions and Prompts

OVERVIEW and DUE DATE: You are going to complete the WRITTEN PORTION of the FALL FINAL EXAM. This will consist of writing an OUTLINE start the topic of your choosing from the topics listed below AND writing a 5 PARAGRAPH essay. I will be checking your outline (grade #1) on Monday December 3, 2012 and the written portion of the final (grade #2) is Tuesday December 4, 2012. You are permitted, and encouraged to turn this in early (you can write it at home and bring it in if desired). Any type of plagiarism will result in an automatic 0 for the entire final. This assignment is worth a test level grade and up to 50 points towards your final grade (the whole exam is out of 200 points with the written portion being worth 50 and the multiple choice portion worth 150 and then dividing by 2). This can be TYPED if you choose to turn this in early. If written out, BOTH PARTS must be written in PEN.
DIRECTIONS and FORMAT: The OUTLINE and WRITTEN PORTION must be 5 paragraphs (no more, no less) in length. Your outline must be in outline format, no fully written papers will be counted as the outline.
1. INTRODUCTION and THESIS STATEMENT (all 3 issues you will discuss in the body paragraphs must be mentioned within your intro)
2. BODY #1 (1st point)
3. BODY #2 (2nd point)
4. BODY #3 (3rd point)
5. CONCLUSION and SUMMARY (you must once again make sure to mention ALL 3 issues you discussed)
TOPICS: Pick one of the following TIME PERIODS and IMPORTANT EVENT within it. Make sure that you discuss the significance of your event in terms of why it was important in the time period. Possible ways to take paper are written in ().
Steel Industry and Carnegie (Good & Bad Legacy, Philanthropy, Vertical Integration)
Oil Industry and Rockefeller (His Legacy – Good & Bad, Horizontal Integration)
Communications and Edison, Menlo Park (The Importance and Effects)
 Railroad Giants (Pullman, Westinghouse, Vanderbilt and their importance )
 New Immigrants (Issues, Jobs, Importance on Industries, Crimes Against)
New Life for Immigrants (Life in the Cities – Good and Bad Aspects)
City Life and Urbanization (The Rise of Cities – Good and Bad Aspects)
Sports and Entertainment (The Creation, Importance, and Effects on the US)
Immigrants and Political Machines (Their Role, Crimes, Intimidation, Issues, Uses)
3. GILDED AGE: (Ch. 8-9)
Political Bosses and Machines (Their Role, Crimes, Intimidation, Issues, Uses)
Grant’s Spoils Scandal (The Issues and the Consequences)
Garfield’s Assassination and Consequences (Effects and Issues)
Pendleton Civil Service Act vs. the Spoils System (Why the Spoils System went away)
Fighting Within Political Parties AND the New Parties that Emerge (Importance & Issues)
The Populist Movement and its Effects on Government and the US
Progressive Issues and the Effects on the US (19th Amend, Work Conditions, Laws, etc)
Muckrakers and Their Importance (The Effects of News Industry)
Yellow Journalism (Spanish-American War and Sensational News Reporting)
Reforming the Workplace and Social Issues and the Effects on the US
Issues with Female and Child Labor and the Effects on the US
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire and its Effects on Women and Industry
 Labor Unions, Their Importance, and Their Controversy
Acts and Laws that Changed Society (Pick 3)
5. IMPERIALISM: (Ch. 11)
 Acquisition of Hawaii and the Controversy (Imperialism and its effects)
US Involvement in China (The need for new markets)
Spanish-American War, Its Causes, and its Effects (Yellow Journalism, McKinley’s stance)
 The Importance of the Philippines to the US
The Building of the Panama Canal (The major issues for the US)
War with Mexico (Causes/Issues, or Important People)
6. WW1: (Ch. 12)
The Causes of the War (US Perspective or From Another Country)
 Nationalism and its Effects on the Entry into War (Discuss as many countries as possible)
Military Alliances and Their Effects and Consequences on the War Effort
Why(The US Joined) AND the Effects of the US Joining the War
Victory, The Treaty of Versailles AND Effects of Winning (US) OR
Losing (i.e. Germany)
Wilson’s 14 Points and Their Effect on the US and the World